Vitamin B3 (Niacin)



Who would have thought a simple Vitamin B3 could help to lower

your cholesterol or prevent the occurance of cataracts.

Well, when you think about it, it all makes perfectly common sense that you would retain health with a balanced healthy body...

Vitamin B3, otherwise known as niacin, nicitinic acid, and niacinamide is another VITAL nutrient that our body needs. In other words, we can't function to our full extent without it. What does Niacin Do?

Niacin is a water soluble B Vitamin. It is required for metabolism of fats, tissue respiration and glycogenolysis which is the synthesis of glucose from glycogen, so in other words, it helps release energy.

Vitamin B3 Deficiencies

Pellagra.

Pellagra is a condition where there is scaly dermatitis, glossitis (inflammation of the tongue), diarrhea, inflammation to other mucous membranes, depression, confusion and sometimes delerium.

Pellagra is directly related to a deficiency of B3 where there is no conversion of trytophan to niacin.

Anxiety

Mouth Ulcers

Headache

Backache

Loss of weight and appetite due to gastric acid disturbances.

Arthritic pains

Pellagra and other deficiency symptoms are restored by supplmentation of Niacin.



Causes of B3 Deficiency

Diet, poor in B3 Foods

Hartnup Disease which is a genetic disorder that inhibits availability of tryptophan and therefore the absorption of niacin. This disease replicates the symptoms of Pellagra.

Chronic Alcoholism

Conditions That Require Supplementation Of B3

- Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

- Hyperthyroidism

- Diabtetes Mellitis

- Liver Cirrhosis




Latest Clinical Evidence of B3 Use



Vitamin B3 helps cholesterol

Hyperlipidemia (High Cholesterol)

It has been shown that in larger doses than the RDI, nicain is effective in reducing LDL (the bad cholesterol) and increasing HDL (the good cholesterol).

LDL (Low density lipoprotein) has been shown to reduce from 5 - 25% with supplementation of 500mg/day of niacin.

The lipid lowering effects however have been shown to increase with the increase in dosage.



Vitamin B3 helps cataracts

Cataracts

As with Vitamin B2 it has been shown that supplementation can reduce the occurance of cataracts.

Vitamin B3 helps osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis



Results have shown that taking niacinamide in doses as high as 3,000mg a day, can improve flexibility of joints and reduce inflammation related to osteoarthritis.


Dosages of Niacin



Vitamin B3 Supplementation

For Adut deficiency (mild) 50-100mg/day

Adult Pellagra 300-500mg/day

Child Pellagra 100-300mg/day

Hartnup Disease 50-200mg/day

Hyperlipidemia 1,200 - 3,000mg/day

Osteoarthritis 3,000mg/day

Cataracts 50mg/day

MAXIMUM DAILY DOSAGES

Children 1-3yrs - 10mg

Children 4-8 yrs - 15mg

Children 9-13yrs - 20mg

Adults - 30 -35mg

N.B: B3 CAN HAVE VASODILATING EFFECTS SUCH AS FACIAL FLUSHING, ITCHING, TINGLING, RED PATCHES ON THE ARMS FACE AND CHEST. THIS CAN OCCUR AT ANY DOSE AND ONSET IS VARIABLE. VOMITING, HEADACHE AND DIZZINES HAVE ALSO BEEN REPORTED. PLEASE CHECK WITH YOUR HEALTH PRACTITIONER BEFORE CONTINUING.




Food Sources of Vitamin B3

sources of niacin

Beans

Meat

Peanuts

Rice Bran

Poultry

Fish

Source of niacin



Eggs

Wheatgerm



From Vitamin B3 Back To Vitamin Deficiencies.





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