Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
Who would have thought a simple Vitamin B3 could help to lower
your cholesterol or prevent the occurance of cataracts.
Well, when you think about it, it all makes perfectly common sense that you would retain health with a balanced healthy body...
Vitamin B3, otherwise known as niacin, nicitinic acid, and niacinamide is another VITAL nutrient that our body needs. In other words, we can't function to our full extent without it.
What does Niacin Do?
Niacin is a water soluble B Vitamin.
It is required for metabolism of fats, tissue respiration and glycogenolysis which is the synthesis of glucose from glycogen, so in other words, it helps release energy.
Vitamin B3 Deficiencies
Pellagra is a condition where there is scaly dermatitis, glossitis (inflammation of the tongue), diarrhea, inflammation to other mucous membranes, depression, confusion and sometimes delerium.
Pellagra is directly related to a deficiency of B3 where there is no conversion of trytophan to niacin.
Loss of weight and appetite due to gastric acid disturbances.
Pellagra and other deficiency symptoms are restored by supplmentation of Niacin.
Causes of B3 Deficiency
Diet, poor in B3 Foods
Hartnup Disease which is a genetic disorder that inhibits availability of tryptophan and therefore the absorption of niacin.
This disease replicates the symptoms of Pellagra.
Conditions That Require Supplementation Of B3
- Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
- Diabtetes Mellitis
- Liver Cirrhosis
Latest Clinical Evidence of B3 Use
Hyperlipidemia (High Cholesterol)
It has been shown that in larger doses than the RDI, nicain is effective in reducing LDL (the bad cholesterol) and increasing HDL (the good cholesterol).
LDL (Low density lipoprotein) has been shown to reduce from 5 - 25% with supplementation of 500mg/day of niacin.
The lipid lowering effects however have been shown to increase with the increase in dosage.
it has been shown that supplementation can reduce the occurance of cataracts.
Results have shown that taking niacinamide in doses as high as 3,000mg a day, can improve flexibility of joints and reduce inflammation related to
Dosages of Niacin
For Adut deficiency (mild) 50-100mg/day
Adult Pellagra 300-500mg/day
Child Pellagra 100-300mg/day
Hartnup Disease 50-200mg/day
Hyperlipidemia 1,200 - 3,000mg/day
MAXIMUM DAILY DOSAGES
Children 1-3yrs - 10mg
Children 4-8 yrs - 15mg
Children 9-13yrs - 20mg
Adults - 30 -35mg
N.B: B3 CAN HAVE VASODILATING EFFECTS SUCH AS FACIAL FLUSHING, ITCHING, TINGLING, RED PATCHES ON THE ARMS FACE AND CHEST.
THIS CAN OCCUR AT ANY DOSE AND ONSET IS VARIABLE. VOMITING, HEADACHE AND DIZZINES HAVE ALSO BEEN REPORTED. PLEASE CHECK WITH YOUR
HEALTH PRACTITIONER BEFORE CONTINUING.
Food Sources of Vitamin B3
From Vitamin B3 Back To Vitamin Deficiencies.
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